AD2K - 2K3/2K8 Migration question


B

Bill Clark

I have a simple AD2000 with one domain, 2 controllers, DNS & DHCP. I want
to migrate to either 2K3 or 2K8 on new hardware(leaning towards 2K8). I
have found information on doing an export/import of the DHCP database from
AD2000 to AD2003, but haven't heard if it would work the same going to
AD2008. From what I understand, DNS settings will transfer over cleanly to
either version as soon as I introduce a new, upgraded AD controller, but not
sure on DHCP. Anyone have any information to share regarding this? Lastly,
is there any type of "virtual" AD tool out there that would possibly help
with some type of walkthrough for this migration?

Bill
 
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M

Meinolf Weber [MVP-DS]

Hello Bill,

Assuming that you will keep the complete configuration with domain name,
user accounts etc. choose this way for 2008:

!!!NEVER START BEFORE HAVING CREATED AND TESTED A BACKUP OF YOUR DATA/MACHINE!!!

- do you run exchange in the domain on member server or domain controller?

- On the old server open DNS management console and check that you are running
Active directory integrated zone (easier for replication, if you have more
then one DNS server)

- run replmon from the run line or repadmin /showrepl, dcdiag and netdiag
from the command prompt on the old machine to check for errors, if you have
some post the complete output from the command here or solve them first.
For this tools you have to install the support\tools\suptools.msi from the
2003 installation disk.

- run adprep /forestprep and adprep /domainprep and adprep /rodcprep from
the 2008 installation disk against the 2003 schema master, with an account
that is member of the Schema admins, to upgrade the schema to the new version
(44), you can check the version with "schupgr" in a command prompt.

- Install the new machine as a member server in your existing domain

- configure a fixed ip and set the preferred DNS server to the old DNS server
only

- run dcpromo and follow the wizard to add the 2008 server to an existing
domain, make it also Global catalog.

- if you are prompted for DNS configuration choose Yes. If not, install DNS
role after promotion.

- for DNS give the server time for replication, at least 15 minutes. Because
you use Active directory integrated zones it will automatically replicate
the zones to the new server. Open DNS management console to check that they
appear

- if the new machine is domain controller and DNS server run again replmon,
dcdiag and netdiag (copy the netdiag from the 2003 to 2008, will work) on
both domain controllers

- Transfer, NOT seize the 5 FSMO roles to the new Domain controller (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/324801
applies also for 2008)

- you can see in the event viewer (Directory service) that the roles are
transferred, also give it some time

- reconfigure the DNS configuration on your NIC of the 2008 server, preferred
DNS itself, secondary the old one

- if you use DHCP do not forget to reconfigure the scope settings to point
to the new installed DNS server

- export and import of DHCP database for 2008 choose "netshell dhcp backup"
and "netshell dhcp restore" command (http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc772372.aspx)



Demoting the old DC

- reconfigure your clients/servers that they not longer point to the old
DC/DNS server on the NIC

- to be sure that everything runs fine, disconnect the old DC from the network
and check with clients and servers the connectivity, logon and also with
one client a restart to see that everything is ok

- then run dcpromo to demote the old DC, if it works fine the machine will
move from the DC's OU to the computers container, where you can delete it
by hand. Can be that you got an error during demoting at the beginning, then
uncheck the Global catalog on that DC and try again

- check the DNS management console, that all entries from the machine are
disappeared or delete them by hand if the machine is off the network for ever

- also you have to start AD sites and services and delete the old servername
under the site, this will not be done during demotion

Best regards

Meinolf Weber
Disclaimer: This posting is provided "AS IS" with no warranties, and confers
no rights.
** Please do NOT email, only reply to Newsgroups
** HELP us help YOU!!! http://www.blakjak.demon.co.uk/mul_crss.htm
 
M

Meinolf Weber [MVP-DS]

Hello Bill,

Assuming that you will keep the complete configuration with domain name,
user accounts etc. choose this way for 2003:

!!!NEVER START BEFORE HAVING CREATED AND TESTED A BACKUP OF YOUR DATA/MACHINE!!!

One question first:
Is the old server also Exchange server and will it be taken out of the domain
forever, when the new server is running?

- On the old server open DNS management console and check that you are running
Active directory integrated zone (easier for replication, if you have more
then one DNS server)

- run replmon from the run line or repadmin /showrepl (only if more then
one DC exist), dcdiag and netdiag from the command prompt on the old machine
to check for errors, if you have some post the complete output from the command
here or solve them first. For this tools you have to install the support\tools\suptools.msi
from the 2000 or 2003 installation disk.

- run adprep /forestprep and adprep /domainprep from the 2003 installation
disk against the 2000 server, with an account that is member of the Schema
admins, to upgrade the schema to the new version

- Install the new machine as a member server in your existing domain

- configure a fixed ip and set the preferred DNS server to the old DNS server
only

- run dcpromo and follow the wizard to add the 2003 server to an existing
domain

- if you are prompted for DNS configuration choose Yes (also possible that
no DNS preparation occur), then install DNS after the reboot

- for DNS give the server time for replication, at least 15 minutes. Because
you use Active directory integrated zones it will automatically replicate
the zones to the new server. Open DNS management console to check that they
appear

- if the new machine is domain controller and DNS server run again replmon,
dcdiag and netdiag on both domain controllers

- if you have no errors, make the new server Global catalog server, open
Active directory Sites and Services and then double-click sitename, double-click
Servers, click your domain controller, right-click NTDS Settings, and then
click Properties, on the General tab, click to select the Global catalog
check box (http://support.microsoft.com/?id=313994)

- Transfer, NOT seize the 5 FSMO roles to the new Domain controller (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/324801)

- you can see in the event viewer (Directory service) that the roles are
transferred, also give it some time

- reconfigure the DNS configuration on your NIC of the 2003 server, preferred
DNS itself, secondary the old one

- if you use DHCP do not forget to reconfigure the scope settings to point
to the new installed DNS server

- export and import of DHCP database (if needed) (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/325473)

- backup WINS (http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc727901.aspx)

- restore WINS (http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc727960.aspx)


Demoting the old DC (if needed)

- reconfigure your clients/servers that they not longer point to the old
DC/DNS server on the NIC

- to be sure that everything runs fine, disconnect the old DC from the network
and check with clients and servers the connectivity, logon and also with
one client a restart to see that everything is ok

- then run dcpromo to demote the old DC, if it works fine the machine will
move from the DC's OU to the computers container, where you can delete it
by hand. Can be that you got an error during demoting at the beginning, then
uncheck the Global catalog on that DC and try again

- check the DNS management console, that all entries from the machine are
disappeared or delete them by hand if the machine is off the network for ever

- also you have to start AD sites and services and delete the old servername
under the site, this will not be done during demotion

Best regards

Meinolf Weber
Disclaimer: This posting is provided "AS IS" with no warranties, and confers
no rights.
** Please do NOT email, only reply to Newsgroups
** HELP us help YOU!!! http://www.blakjak.demon.co.uk/mul_crss.htm
 
B

Bill Clark

Thanks so much for the detailed info!! Just one bit of info, we do not have
an Exchange server, yet. We are currently running Groupwise, but will be
migrating that over to a new Exchange install around July. I wanted to get
AD all updated before we begin messing with Exchange. Thanks again!

Bill
 
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