SSL Server Certificates - TrustFailure


Pete Reay


I am trying to connect to a remote server using the
System.Net.HttpWebRequest class and an https: address,
but I am getting a WebException with a 'TrustFailure'

I think the problem occurs because the server name
doesn't match that on the server certificate (it is a
test server, but it has the company's main certificate
installed). If I try to connect using IE, it warns me
about this, but still allows me to connect.

Does anyone know if I can 'turn off' the server
certificate validation on the HttpWebRequest so that I
can still connect to this machine?

Any ideas or suggestions will be much appreciated.

Pete Reay



Jan Tielens

Check you my blog post:

When Webservices are used, a common concern is security: SOAP messages are
transferred in plain text over the network, so anyone with a sniffer could
intercept the SOAP message and read it. In my opinion this could happen also
to binary data, but probably it requires a little bit more hacker skills. So
a solution is to use HTTPS (SSL) instead of HTTP, so the communication is
encrypted. To accomplish this, you need to get and install a certificate
(issued by a Certificate Authority) on your webserver. In a production
environment you would buy a certificate from Verisign or another well known
CA, or you would install your own CA, which is a component of Windows
Server. If you only want to play with HTTPS, SSL and certificates or your
project is in the development phase, you can also generate a test
certificate using the MakeCert.exe tool (included in the .NET Framework
SDK). After that you have to add this certificate to a website in IIS, and
set a port which HTTPS should use.

When you browse to a HTTPS site, you probably get a dialog window asking you
if you want to trust the certificate provided by the webserver. So the
responsibility of accepting the certificate is handled by the user. Let's
get back to the webservice scenario, if you want to invoke a webservice
located on a webserver which uses SSL and HTTPS there is a problem. When you
make the call from code, there is no dialog window popping up, and asking if
you trust the certificate (luckily because this would be pretty ugly in
server-side scenarios); probably you'll get following exception:
An unhandled exception of type 'System.Net.WebException' occurred in

Additional information: The underlying connection was closed: Could not
establish trust relationship with remote server.

But there is a solution for this problem, you can solve this in your code by
creating your own CertificatePolicy class (which implements the
ICertificatePolicy interface). In this class you will have to write your own
CheckValidationResult function that has to return true or false, like you
would press yes or no in the dialog window. For development purposes I've
created the following class which accepts all certificates, so you won't get
the nasty WebException anymore:
public class TrustAllCertificatePolicy : System.Net.ICertificatePolicy
public TrustAllCertificatePolicy()

public bool CheckValidationResult(ServicePoint sp,
X509Certificate cert,WebRequest req, int problem)
return true;

As you can see the CheckValidationResult function always returns true, so
all certificates will be trusted. If you want to make this class a little
bit more secure, you can add additional checks using the X509Certificate
parameter for example. To use this CertificatePolicy, you'll have to tell
the ServicePointManager to use it:
System.Net.ServicePointManager.CertificatePolicy = new
This must be done (one time during the application life cycle) before making
the call to your webservice.


Jan Tielens
Read my weblog:



Pete Reay

Cheers very much for your very informative reply -
setting the ServicePointManager.CertificatePolicy fixed
the problem!

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