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Run Linux in Windows

Run Linux in Windows Article Author : Ian
Date : 29th Jun 2008
Comments : 36

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Introduction

Many users of Windows XP and Vista will want to try Linux at some point, often just to see what all the fuss is about. There are many different Linux distributions and it isn’t convenient for a non-technical user to set up dual booting alongside an existing Windows install. Thankfully, there are tools available which mean you can play with a full Linux install inside the familiar surroundings of Microsoft Windows.

There are several pieces of software that let you run a virtual PC within Windows, allowing you to install virtually any operating system in an emulated PC environment. There are two main solutions available, firstly the free Microsoft Virtual PC 2007, which is reasonably good and easy to install. The second choice is also a free piece of software and is called VMware Player, and features several more advanced features. For this article we will be using the MS Virtual PC virtualisation software as it provides more flexibility in the free version.

Step 1 - Install the Microsoft Virtual PC Software

This is a very straight forward installation, and the download is around 30-60MB (depending on components) at the time of this article:

http://www.microsoft.com/windows/pro.../overview.mspx

Step 2 – Locate and download a Linux Distribution

Once Virtual PC is installed, you need to download a Linux distribution. Some popular choices are:

Ubuntu : http://www.ubuntu.com
Fedora : http://fedoraproject.org
Mandriva : http://www.mandriva.com/

Proceed to the download section of whichever distribution you choose, and if you are given plenty of options of types to download then look for a 32bit i386 ISO file.

This article will use Ubunutu, and the download URL at the time was:

http://mirror.ox.ac.uk/sites/release...sktop-i386.iso

Once you have found the file, download it to your PC.

Step 3 – Setup a Virtual PC

Load MS Virtual PC 2007 from the start menu and begin the wizard to create a new virtual machine, the screenshots below illustrate this process using recommended settings. Click Next to begin the setup process:



Select “Create a new virtual machine”:



Call this virtual machine whatever you like, for example “Linux” or “Ubuntu”:



Select “Other” from the OS dropdown menu to customise the virtual PC:



Choose how much system RAM you wish to allocate to the virtual PC, if you can spare it, 512MB would be recommended. It does appear to allocate the whole amount of memory to the software, even if you are only using a small portion of it within the Virtual PC. 512MB should be fine for users with 2GB+ of Ram, but those with 1GB may struggle to run much else in the background.



Select create “A new virtual hard disk”:



Choose a location to save this virtual drive and assign a size (dependant on how much disk space you have left). You can make up to 3 virtual hard drives, but if you wanted more drives you can always partition them to as many drive letters as required.



Click finish to create the Virtual PC:





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